The most important day of the year for the Islamic community will start from April 24, 2020. The holy month of Ramadan starts on April 24, 2020. This means that from sunrise to sunset, no food and drink is allowed. In addition, there are rules that should not be broken during fasting. The Muslim community also has a big party to celebrate after the holy month of Ramadan.
According to Islam, Ramadan was instituted by Mohammed. The month of fasting is related to the famous Laylat-al-Qadr, or the ‘Valuable Night’. This was the night when, according to tradition, Muhammad received the first Surah of the Quran from an angel. Mohammed entered the month of fasting/Ramadan.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is a holy month in the Islamic calendar and one of the five obligatory pillars of Islam. Because the Islamic calendar is related to the lunar system, according to the Islamic calendar, a month lasts several days shorter than the solar year. This saves eleven days in a year. As a result, Ramadan alternately falls into another season, i.e. autumn, winter, spring or summer. According to Muslims, this change reflects the justice of Allah.
During the month of fasting, between sunrise and sunset, Muslims remember eating, drinking, recreational contacts and smoking. The purpose of this total abstinence is to achieve self-awareness. Specifically to focus on Allah, through prayers, such as the Taraweeh prayer, and reading the Quran, to think about (hungry or poor) people and to learn to appreciate the value of food.
Ramadan is concluded with a three-day celebration, the so-called Eid-al-Fitr (literally: celebration for the return of breakfast), also known in Dutch as the Sugar Festival, Ramadan Festival or the Kleine Feest.
The Sugar Feast starts with a prayer in the mosque. After this, families gather and eat all kinds of sweets (hence the term sugar, which is also borrowed from Arabic) to celebrate the end of Ramadan. Men and women are wearing new clothes and presents are regularly distributed. Often during the Sugar Festival, a sermon by an imam is also listened to in a mosque or in a room.
Unfortunately, due to the coronavirus, it will not be possible to celebrate a common sugar feast, which is prohibited by the rule of law of our people.